India’s most ambitious mission successfully launched today. Chandrayaan 2 will attempt to explore the region of the south pole of the Moon. It is unexplored region by any country. It is unexplored region by any country.
This is ISRO‘s 2nd mission to the moon, which is successfully launched after the delay. The lunar mission, which was previously planned for July 15, 2019, was delayed when a ‘technical snag’ was discovered just before the launching. GSLV MK-III, which is capable of carrying 4-tonne class of satellites to the Geosynchronous Transfer will take Chandrayaan 2 to its orbit.
India’s Central Tool Room and Training Centre (CTTC) has manufactured 22 types of valves for fuel injection for the cryogenic engine of the GSLV Mark III rocket. This Bhubaneswar-based institution had started manufacturing these parts for this particular lunar mission in March 2017.
The instrument on the orbiter
Terrain Mapping Camera 2 (TMC-2), which will map the lunar surface in three dimensions using two onboard cameras. A predecessor instrument called TMC flew on Chandrayaan-1
Collimated Large Array Soft X-ray Spectrometer (CLASS), which will map the abundance of minerals on the surface. A forerunner instrument known as CIXS (sometimes written as C1XS) flew on Chandrayaan-1.
Solar X-ray Monitor (XSM), which keep eyes on emissions of solar X-rays.
Chandra’s part Composition individual (ChACE-2), which is a neutral mass spectrometer. A forerunner instrument known as CHACE flew on Chandrayaan-1’s Moon Impact Probe.
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), which will map the surface in radio waves. Some of its style relies on Chandrayaan-1’s MiniSAR.
Imaging Infra-Red Spectrometer (IIRS), which will measure the abundance of water on the surface.
Orbiter high-resolution Camera (OHRC) to look at the surface, notably the landing area of the lander and rover.
The lander’s instruments include
The rover will carry two science instruments to look at the composition of the surface: the Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) and the Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer (APXS).
This mission will help us to understand our moon’s topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, lunar exosphere and signatures of hydroxyl and water-ice,” These studies will observe by Rover “Vikram”, named after Dr.Vikram A Sarabhai.